They live scattered along the banks of the Purus river, the Apurinã share a rich cosmological and ritual complex. The language is of the Aruak root, the closest language would be the Manchineri, which inhabit the Upper Purus basin. Their Rapé is the famous green Rapé so typical to their tradition, made with the local herb called Awiry. Their history is strongly marked by the violence of the two rubber cycles in the Amazon region. Today, they are fighting for the rights to some of their lands that have not yet been recognized and that are frequently invaded by loggers.