Sandalwood, Santalum, is a genus of 25 species that
occur from Australia & Malaysia to Polynesia.
In Hawaii, sandalwood is known from 4 main species, with
santalum elipticus ( coast sandalwood) being the most
The heartwood of the sandalwood is fragrance & is used
in medicine incense, and perfume. ‘Iliahi is a fragrant wood.
Medicinally, sandalwood has been used for urinary
disorders, fever, sunstroke, digestive problems &
abdomen pain. Sandalwood is used for carvings, oil used
in soaps, baby oils, food flowering & incense.
Forests were decimated because of overharvesting as a
source of income in the mid 1800’s. Today Hawaiian
Sandalwood is cultivated for uses & for conservation
Wagner, Herbst, Sohmer. 1990. “Manuel of the Flowering
Plants of Hawaii.” University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, HI
2 vol. 1853 p.